Plastic is used in packaging, manufacturing, fashion, and a variety of other consumer and business products. Unfortunately, mass production of plastic combined with inappropriate disposal has resulted in widespread pollution of our precious islands. From surface waters to deep-sea sediments, plastic accounts for 80% of all marine waste. Marine species swallow or become entangled in plastic debris, causing catastrophic harm or death. Plastic pollution poses a hazard to food safety and quality, human health, coastal tourism, and climate change. Here are few simple steps through which one can go for waste management on island:

 

 1- Reduce Use of Single Use Plastic

Reduce your own use of single-use plastics. This is the simplest and most straightforward way to get started, regardless of where you live. Single-use plastics include plastic bags, water bottles, straws, glasses, cutlery, dry cleaning bags, take-out containers, and other single-use plastics. The best way to do this is to a) refuse to use any single-use plastics that you don't need (for example, straws, plastic bags, takeout utensils, and takeout containers), and buy and carry reusable versions of those products, such as reusable grocery bags, produce bags, bottles, utensils, coffee cups, and dry cleaning garment bags. When you refuse to use single-use plastic items, let businesses know that you'd prefer them to provide alternatives.

2- Avoid Using Products which contains Microbeads

In recent years, tiny plastic particles known as "microbeads" have become a rising source of island plastic pollution. Microbeads are present in various face scrubs, toothpastes, and bodywashes, and they easily reach our seas and streams via sewer systems, posing a threat to hundreds of marine species. Look for the words "polythelene" and "polypropylene" on the ingredient labels of your cosmetics to see if they include plastic microbeads.

3- Dispose your Own Trash

As the number of people visiting the island grows, so does the amount of rubbish left behind or blown away. Don't contribute to the degradation of our lovely islands by spending your day outside. Remember to leave only your footsteps behind and to gather and dispose of your rubbish.

 4- Reduce Carbon Footprint

Our waters are becoming increasingly acidic as a result of carbon dioxide, a recognised greenhouse gas. This is contributing to the global loss of corals, as the increased acidity of the water weakens their calcium skeletons.

You can lower your carbon footprint by doing some of the following simple steps:

• Instead of driving a car, ride a bike, walk, or take public transportation; and turn off the lights when you leave a room.

• Instead of putting up the heat in the cold, put on a sweater.

• Have some fun with your diet by purchasing wild seafood that has been sustainably obtained. It's a renewable resource that uses very little freshwater and produces less CO2 than land-based proteins like beef.

5- Spread the Good Deeds

Keep up to date on topics involving plastic pollution or waste on the islands, and assist others become aware of the situation. Tell your friends and family about how to manage the island. They can help by supporting social-impact organisations that are working to safeguard our islands.

It is up to us all to keep our islands safe. Using the five suggestions above, we can all work together to limit our everyday plastic usage and trash, as well as actively recycle plastic products so that they don't wind up in our precious islands.